1. What is the term for the practice of nursing by professional nurses who have been educated in the processes of population-based nursing and whose principle client is the aggregate community? A) Community health nursing
B) Community-based practice
C) Community psychology
D) Home care nursing
2. Who founded the Henry Street Settlement?
A) Lavinia Dock and Margaret Sanger
B) Lillian Wald and Mary Brewster
C) Margaret Sanger and Lillian Wald
D) Mary Brewster and Lavinia Dock
3. Who first coined the term public health nursing?
A) Mary Brewster
B) Lavinia Dock
C) Margaret Sanger
D) Lillian Wald
4. In what decade were antibiotics discovered?
B) 1940s C) 1950s D) 1960s
5. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), how many years are added to the life expectancy because of public health?
B) 20 C) 25 D) 30
6. As communicable disease declined in the 1960s, on what key public health issue were efforts concentrated?
B) Workplace safety
C) Cigarette smoking
D) Family planning
7. In what decade in the 20th century did community health nurses begin focusing on health promotion?
A) 1960s B) 1970s
8. In the 1990s, what was a major concern of policy makers in the United States?
A) High cost of health care
B) Treatment of communicable diseases
C) High-tech medicine to increase life span
D) Fluoridation of drinking water
9. Community health nursing is focused on what area?
A) Direct clinical care
B) Prevention rather than illness care
C) Family-focused roles
D) Community-focused roles and functions
10. What is a selected nursing activity for the essential public health service of monitoring health status to identify community health problems?
A) Participate in community assessment and identify potential environmental hazards
B) Understand and identify determinants of health and disease
C) Develop and implement community-based health education
D) Explain the significance of health issues to the public and participate in developing plans of action
11. What is the essential public health service for the selected nursing activity of regulating and supporting safe care and treatment for dependent populations such as children and the frail elderly?
A) Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts
B) Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety
C) Ensure a competent public health and personal health care workforce D) Research new insights and innovative solutions to health problems
12. Which is a factor that is shaping 21st century health?
A) Communicable diseases
B) Tertiary health care
C) Family planning clinics
D) Health care reform
13. Which is a principle of public health nursing?
A) The primary obligation is to achieve the greatest good for the greatest number of people or the population as a whole.
B) The priority of care is to evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services.
C) The need to link people to needed personal health services and ensure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable.
D) The need to develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts.
14. Which is a great public health achievement of the 20th century?
A) Environmental sanitation
B) Abolishment of child labor
C) Control of infectious diseases
D) Decline in deaths from pulmonary disease
15. Community health nurses in the future need to stretch themselves and go far beyond traditional nursing practice in conventional medical and health services. Who was the Chief Nurse Scientist of the World Health Organization who pointed out that enabling people to increase control over and to improve their health will continue to be an integral part of all nurses' roles?
A) Amelia Maglacas
B) Lavinia Dock
C) Lillian Wald
D) Mary Brewster
16. What are health disparities?
A) The difference in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of diseases and other adverse health conditions that exist among specific population groups in the United States
B) Social, economic and political issue when inequality, poverty, exploitation, violence, and injustice are at the root of ill health and the death of the poor and marginalized people
C) The increased economic, political, social, technological, and intellectual interconnectedness of the world
D) The health issues that transcend national boundaries and may best be addressed by cooperative actions
17. Although it is true that many of us have improved our standard of living, nearly half of the world's population lives on less than how much per day?
C) $20 D) $22
18. Which is a specific example of a population?
A) World population
B) Patients living in Chicago with diabetes
C) Immunization clinics held annually in California
D) Poverty in four continents
19. The Quad Council described the competencies required of public health nurses in eight domains to advance the goal of promoting and protecting the health of the population. The competencies are divided into generalist/staff public health nurse and manager/consultant/program specialist/executive to reflect which two levels of education preparation? A) Associate and baccalaureate
B) Baccalaureate and master
C) Associate and master
D) Master and doctorate
20. What is a significant demographic factor that is shaping the future of community health nursing?
A) Decline in smoking
B) Social integration
C) Shift in medical care from chronic to acute illness
D) Increasing ethnic diversity
5. C 6. C
8. A 9. B
19. B 20. D