Test Bank for Memory 3rd Edition By Baddeley/ 1 How did Clive Wearing acquire brain damage? (A) Bike accident (B) Car accident (C) Encephalitis (D) Syphilis (E) Epilepsy Answer: (C) Encephalitis 2 Which element of Clive Wearing’s memory remained relatively intact? (A) Episodic memory formation (B) Delayed recall (C) Memory for music (D) Associative memory encoding (E) Declarative memory formation Answer: (C) Memory for music 3 Who devised the concept of cognitive maps in rats? (A) Edward Tolman (B) Endel Tulving (C) Herman Ebbinghaus (D) Clark Hull (E) Alan Baddeley Answer: (A) Edward Tolman 4 From the highest to lowest, what is the correct order of these levels according to reductionism? (A) Social behavior, biochemistry, cognition, physics, physiology (B) Cognition, social behavior, physiology, biochemistry, physics (C) Social behavior, cognition, biochemistry, physiology, physics (D) Physiology, biochemistry, cognition, social behavior, physics (E) Social behavior, cognition, physiology, biochemistry, physics Answer: (E) Social behavior, cognition, physiology, biochemistry, physics 5 Introspection refers to the capacity to do which of the following? (A) Select a random sample (B) Record from an individual neuron (C) Reflect and report on ongoing thoughts (D) Repress unwanted thoughts (E) Formulate an animal model of memory Answer: (C) Reflect and report on ongoing thoughts 6 The attempt to systematically map the relationship between physical stimuli onto mental phenomena like sensation and perception is most characteristic of which of the following disciplines? (A) Psychophysics (B) Psychosis (C) Psycholinguistics (D) Psychoanalysis (E) Psychosomatics Answer: (A) Psychophysics 7 Who is credited as inventing what has come to be known as the nonsense syllable to study memory experimentally? (A) Hull (B) Freud (C) Piaget (D) Ebbinghaus (E) Tolman Answer: (D) Ebbinghaus 8 Which branch of psychology, developed in 1930s Germany, largely applied ideas from the study of perception to the understanding of human memory? (A) Freudianism (B) Behaviorism (C) Gestalt (D) Connectionism (E) Phrenology Answer: (C) Gestalt 9 Bartlett (1932) is famous for utilizing which of the following to study memory and the rememberer’s “effort after meaning?” (A) Nonsense syllables (B) Folk tales (C) Visual illusions (D) Visual masks (E) Placebos Answer: (B) Folk tales

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