1. A nurse is reinforcing teaching with a client who has HIV and is being discharged to home. Which of
the following instructions should the nurse include in the teaching?
1) Take temperature once a day.
2) Wash the armpits and genitals with a gentle cleanser daily.
3) Change the litter boxes while wearing gloves.
4) Wash dishes in warm water.
2. A nurse is caring for a client who is postoperative following a tracheostomy, and has copious and
tenacious secretions. Which of the following is an acceptable method for the nurse to use to thin
this client's secretions?
1) Provide humidified oxygen.
2) Perform chest physiotherapy prior to suctioning.
3) Prelubricate the suction catheter tip with sterile saline when suctioning the airway.
4) Hyperventilate the client with 100% oxygen before suctioning the airway..
3. Following admission, a client with a vascular occlusion of the right lower extremity calls the nurse
and reports difficulty sleeping because of cold feet. Which of the following nursing actions should
the nurse take to promote the client's comfort?
1) Rub the client's feet briskly for several minutes.
2) Obtain a pair of slipper socks for the client.
3) Increase the client's oral fluid intake.
4) Place a moist heating pad under the client's feet.
4. A nurse is caring for a client is who is 4 hr postoperative following a transurethral resection of
the prostate (TURP). Which of the following is the priority finding for the nurse report to the
1) Emesis of 100 mL
2) Oral temperature of 37.5° C (99.5° F)
3) Thick, red-colored urine
4) Pain level of 4 on a 0 to 10 rating scale
5. A nurse is caring for a client who has a temperature of 39.7° C (103.5° F) and has a prescription for
a hypothermia blanket. The nurse should monitor the client for which of the following adverse
effects of the hypothermia blanket?
6. A nurse is reinforcing teaching about exercise with a client who has type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching?
1) "I will carry a complex carbohydrate snack with me when I exercise."
2) "I should exercise first thing in the morning before eating breakfast."
3) "I should avoid injecting insulin into my thigh if I am going to go running."
4) "I will not exercise if my urine is positive for ketones."
7. A nurse notes a small section of bowel protruding from the abdominal incision of a client who is
postoperative. After calling for assistance, which of the following actions should the nurse take
1) Cover the client's wound with a moist, sterile dressing.
2) Have the client lie supine with knees flexed.
3) Check the client's vital signs.
4) Inform the client about the need to return to surgery.
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