Associate Safety Professional (ASP) Exam Safety Management Systems Answered 2023 property, or damage to the environment. The ability of a system to exclude certain undesired events (i.e. mishaps) during stated operation under stated conditions for a stated time. The ability of a system or product to operate with a known and accepted level of mishap risk. A built-in system characteristic. 9. Exposure: Contact with or proximity to a hazard, taking into account duration and intensity. 10. Root Cause Analysis (RCA): Process of identifying the basic lowest level causal factors for an event. Usually the event is an undesired event, such as a hazard or mishap. 11. Risk Communication: The interactive process of exchanging risk information and opinions among stakeholders. 12. Risk management: The process by which assessed risks are mitigated, minimized, or controlled through engineering, management, or operational means. This involved the optimal allocation of available resources in support of safety, performance, cost, and schedule. 13. Unacceptable risk: That risk that cannot be tolerated. 14. Acceptable Risk: That part of identified mishap risk that is allowed to persist without taking further engineering or management action to eliminate or reduce the risk, based on knowledge and decision making. The system user consciously exposed to this risk. A risk level achieved after risk reduction measures have been applied. It is a risk level that is accepted for a given task (hazardous situation) or hazard. For the purpose of this standard, the terms "acceptable risk" and "tolerable risk" are considered to be synonymous. 15. Accepted risk: Accepted risk has two parts: (1) risk that is knowingly understood and accepted by the system developer or user and (2) risk that is not known or understood and is accepted by default. 16. Residual risk: Overall risk remaining after system safety mitigation efforts have been fully implemented. It is, according to MIL-STD-882D, "the remaining mishap risk that exists after all mitigation techniques have been implemented or exhausted, in accordance with the system safety design order of precedence." Residual risk is the sum of all risk after mishap risk management has been applied, This is the total risk passed on to the user. 17. Mitigation: An action taken to reduce the risk presented by a hazard, by modifying the hazard in order to decrease the mishap probability and/or the mishap severity. Mitigation is generally accomplished through design measures, use of safety devices, warning devices, training, or procedures. It is also referred to as hazard mitigation and risk mitigation. 18. As low as reasonably practical (ALARP): Level of mishap risk that has been established and is considered as low as reasonably possible and still acceptable. It is based on a set of predefined ALARP conditions and is considered acceptable. 19. Mishap: An unplanned even or series of events resulting in death, injury, occupational illness, damage to or loss of equipment or property, or damage to the environment. 20. Two ways to modify insurance rates based on modifying the manual rate to reflect the insured's safety record are the prospective experience rating and the retrospective rating. Which of the following identified the retrospective rating?: Experience during policy period 21. The Z10 is a management system standard compatible and harmonized with quality (ISO 9000 series) and environmental management systems (ISO 14000 series). Which of the following best describes these standards?: Performance standards-The drafters of these standards set out to ensure that it could be easily integrated into any management systems an organization has in place. That flexibility is characteristic of a Performance Oriented Standard. Z10 adopts from and is in harmony with the International Labor Organization's Guidelines on Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems, ILO-OSH 2001. 22. SMART Model: Specific Measurable Actionable Realistic Time-oriented 23. ANSI/ASSE Z10-2012: American National Standard for Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems- Voluntary consensus standard published by American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) following American National Standards Institute (ANSI) requirements. It provides management systems requirements and guidelines for improving occupational health and safety. Experts from labor government, professional organizations, and industry formulated the standard after extensive examination of current national and international standards, guidelines, and practices. 24. OHSAS 18001:2007: Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems Specification-- British Standard; The standard specifies requirements for an occupational health and safety management system, to enable an organization to control its risk and improve its performance. The Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series (OHSAS) Project Group, and international association of government agencies, private industries, and consulting organizations, first published the standard in 1999. Since then there have been 16000 certifications to the standard in over 80 countries. The 2007 edition reflects lessons learn from users and increases its compatibility with other international SHMS standards and guidelines. A companion document, OHSAS 18002:2000, serves as a guide to implementing OHSAS 18001. 25. ILO- OSH 2001: International Labor Organization Guidelines on Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems- The international Labor Organization (ILO), a United Nations agency that brings together governments, employers, and workers of its member states, has developed voluntary guidelines on safety and health management systems. The guidelines are designed as an "instrument for the development of a sustainable safety culture within the enterprise and beyond." The key elements of the guidelines are built ont he concept of continuous improvement. The 26. OSHA'S Voluntary Protection Program (VPP): Recognizes and partners with businesses and worksites that demonstrate excellence in occupational safety and health. To qualify for one of the VPPs, applicants must have in place an effective SHMS that meets rigorous performance-based criteria. OSHA verifies qualifications through a comprehensive onsite review process. Using one set of flexible. performance based criteria, the VPP emphasizes worker safety and health; continual identification and elimination of hazards, and active involvement of employees in their own protection. 27. The major elements of an effective management system includes: Management Leadership Worker Participation Hazard identification and Assessment 28. Example of Management Leadership1: Establish clear safety and health goals for the program and define the actions needed to achieve these goals 29. Example of Management Leadership3: Provide sufficient resources to ensure effective program implementation 30. Example of Management Leadership2: Designate one or more individuals with overall responsibility for implementing and maintaining the program 31. Example of Worker Participation1: Consult with workers in developing and implementing the program and involve them in updating and evaluating the program 32. Example of Worker Participation2: Include workers in workplace inspections and incident investigations 33. Example of Worker Participation3: Encourage workers to report concerns, such as hazards, injuries, illnesses, and near misses 34. Example of Worker Participation4: Protect the rights of workers who participate in the program

Contact the Author

Please Sign In to contact this author.